About GTG Program
India plans to deploy unprecedented levels of renewable energy (RE) on its power grid, which can greatly reduce the economy’s carbon intensity and strengthen energy security. Compared to conventional power, India’s key RE options are more variable, less predictable, and often farther from demand centers. Experience in other systems has shown that when RE penetration reaches significant levels, the power grid’s capacity to manage that RE has to be addressed to avoid challenges to electricity reliability and affordability. Reliability issues could ultimately affect electricity end users, but are foremost a concern for grid operators, utilities, and RE investors.
Greening the GRID (GTG) Program
The Greening the Grid (GTG) program was a partnership between the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and the Ministry of Power (MoP), Government of India, under the U.S.- India Strategic Clean Energy Partnership (SCEP), one of the tracks under U.S.-India Climate and Clean Energy Agenda Partnership 2030. USAID designed GTG — a US$30 million, five-year (2017-2021) program — to provide flexible yet systems-based approaches to support the efforts of India’s central and state governments and the private sector to manage large-scale integration of renewable energy (RE) into the electric grid. GTG was implemented by Deloitte Consulting LLP.
GTG demonstrated a wide range of technical interventions to support the MoP’s efforts to build a resilient and self-reliant power sector and meet India’s ambitious RE targets. The Renewable Integration and Sustainable Energy (RISE) initiative, the central component of the GTG program, implemented a series of prioritized innovation pilots. These pilots were multiimplementer work programs designed to test and evaluate the building blocks for RE integration in India’s state and national power grids. The program collaborated with India’s key power sector stakeholders to design and implement the pilots and analyze their key insights. As India marches toward its goal to install 450 GW by 2030, the rich body of evidence from GTG-RISE pilots will prove critical in securing the Indian grid’s resilience and reliability and pave the way for realizing India’s clean, green energy goals.
Strategic Levers of the GTG program The GTG program combined four intertwined components, led by specialized partners, to validate the key building blocks of grid flexibility and inter-state power trade and create enabling conditions to scale.