Dynamic Compensation for Large Solar Park Integration
With increasing RE penetration comes the need to address RE power output variability. Variability can cause frequency deviations and voltage instability. The former can be addressed through a combination of technology and operating practices. Voltage stability, however, needs to be addressed locally by State Transmission Utilities to maintain grid reliability as more RE is added into the grid. This issue poses a greater challenge for states such as Rajasthan, where RE parks are located far from load centers. It means the power they generate needs to be transmitted over a long distance, with its voltage regulated during that transmission.
MOP and USAID have agreed that one of the GTG-RISE pilots should focus on reactive power management issues associated with deploying large solar parks in Rajasthan. The pilot will examine whether standards and regulations that address voltage stability in the state transmission network are adequate in the context of a particular solar park’s deployment. The pilot will help regulators design cost-effective mechanisms to address voltage stability.
The pilot scope includes assessment (and possible enhancement) of dynamic reactive power support capability of inverters for supporting RE interconnection point voltages during peak and off-peak generation at Bhadla Solar Park. It will also evaluate inter se response of inverters vis-à-vis STATCOMs at various voltage levels to derive insights on what would be the most optimal / least cost choice for state transmission systems.
The pilot will model options for India’s RE-rich states as they consider how to ensure that solar power inverters and STATCOMs can adequately stabilize frequency ﬂuctuations, and minimize the overall impact on power quality associated with RE deployment. The pilot outcomes will help states develop/improve the appropriate standards and commercial frameworks to support greater RE integration into the grid.
At the end of its ﬁrst year, GTG-RISE is ﬁnalizing the scope of work with Rajasthan Rajya Vidyut Prasaran Nigam (RVPN) Limited. All stakeholders have signed off on proceeding with this initiative.